En substance, ce sont des données électroniques qu’une personne physique utilise pour s’identifier et marquer son accord sur le contenu de l’acte qu’elle signe. On dit également que cette signature sert à maintenir l’intégrité de cet acte, c’est-à-dire à vérifier que son contenu n’a pas été modifié. En pratique, plusieurs types de “signatures électroniques” sont … More Quelle est la valeur d’une signature électronique?
This 3-day conference presented an excellent opportunity for us to gather and discuss the newest industry trends and legal cutting-edge legal topics, including privacy & data protection (GDPR), regulation & innovation, intellectual property & the Internet, as well as successful contracting. http://itechlaw.org/
No, at least not anymore. Pursuant to Article 8 of the Act of 31 July 2017 containing various provisions relating to electronic communications that has been published in the Belgian Official Gazette of 12 September 2017 (the Act), such a notification is only required for publicly accessible electronic communications services and public electronic communications networks … More Offering WIFI to your customers in your premises ? Do you have to notify yourself as an operator to the Belgian Institute for Postal services and Telecommunications (BIPT)?
In its landmark decision of 5 September 2017 (Barbulescu v. Romania, 61496/08), the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that, in the case at stake and notwithstanding their margin of appreciation, the national courts failed to strike a fair balance between the competing interests of an employee’s right to privacy … More Monitoring of an employee’s use of the Internet might violate his right to privacy if not properly done!
On 18 July 2017, the French Data Protection Authority (CNIL) imposed a fine of €40,000 on a rental car company for negligence. The latter did not sufficiently monitor the activities of its data processor. What happened? Personal data of tens thousands of members of its loyalty program (e.g. email addresses and driving license numbers) gathered … More Ensure at all times that your data processor implements appropriate technical and organizational measures; otherwise, you might be fined!
On 8 June 2017, the Article 29 Working Party, the independent EU advisory body on data protection and privacy, published an opinion (02/2017) on data processing at work (the “Opinion”). The upcoming entry into force of the GDPR has been taken into account and reference is also made to its opinion 8/2001 on the processing … More Processing employee data in the digital era must be done properly
On 24 May 2017, the Belgian Privacy Commission published a recommendation (04/2017) on the designation of a Data Protection Officer (DPO) by public and private entities when required to do so under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), especially as regards the combination of duties, such as Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) (the “Recommendation”). As … More Would my CISO be my DPO?
Il n’y a pas de réponse toute faite puisque différents délais peuvent trouver à s’appliquer. En réalité, cela dépend surtout de la nature de ces documents et de l’usage que l’on souhaite en faire. Ainsi par exemple, le Code des sociétés stipule que les « livres et documents sociaux » (par exemple le registre des … More Combien de temps dois-je conserver mes documents?
Not yet? Well, it is worth your while since you could deduct 85 % of your net income derived therefrom. Not only royalties but also indemnity payments and even the sale price. Of course, there are certain conditions to be fulfilled, as set out in the Law of 9 February 2017 introducing a tax deduction … More Developing “innovative” software? Have you considered the new tax deduction?
As a matter of principle, the use of email “for advertising purposes” (i.e. “any communication with the direct or indirect objective of promoting the sale of products irrespective of the place or means of communication used”) is forbidden without a prior, free, specific and informed consent of the receiver of the email (“opt-in”), pursuant to … More Email marketing: kind reminder of what you need to consider